Make Smoothing Wood Just Plane Simple

Sand less by tackling tricky wood grains with a scraping plane.

efore sandpaper, craftsmen turned to a card scraper when they needed a silky-smooth surface. Today, scrapers still work wonders for taming wild wood grain, and provide you with a welcome break from the noise and dust of sanding. cool stuff for guys cool stuff to buy cool stuff inc

Unlike handheld card scrapers, a scraping plane requires less effort, especially on large surfaces, and holds the blade at a consistent angle. (It also costs 10–20 times more than a card scraper.) cool stuff for guys cool stuff to buy cool stuff inc

Anatomy of a Scraping Plane cool stuff for guys cool stuff to buy cool stuff inc

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Frog adjustment wheels fine-tune the angle of the blade. Tighten the blade bow thumbscrew to create a slight concave in thin blades to help eliminate edge marks. cool stuff for guys cool stuff to buy cool stuff inc

First, burnish the blade

As with any bench plane, clean cuts depend on a sharp blade, so sharpen a scraping plane blade as you would a conventional blade. Slightly round the ends of the bevel to keep the blade from leaving marks with each pass. cool stuff for guys cool stuff to buy cool stuff inc

Next, form a burr on the sharpened edge. To do this, make a guide block from a 2″-thick scrap about 6″ long and 12 ” wider than the blade. Bevel-cut one end at 15° or the angle specified for your plane. Clamp the guide block and blade in a vise with the blade about 164 ” proud of the block, photo belowcool stuff for guys cool stuff to buy cool stuff inc

With the block as your angle guide, use a burnisher [Sources] or the hardened shaft of a screwdriver or chisel to roll the burr, photo belowcool stuff for guys cool stuff to buy cool stuff inc

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The burr gives the blade an angled lip that scrapes a thin curl from the surface.
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